Since July 2017, the LGV Sud Europe Atlantique is fully operational and makes Bordeaux city 2h04 from Paris. [34] They are divided according to the following composition: Since the Liberation (1944), there have been 6 mayors of Bordeaux: At the 2007 presidential election, the Bordelais gave 31.37% of their votes to Ségolène Royal of the Socialist Party against 30.84% to Nicolas Sarkozy, president of the UMP. The 2009 European elections were like the previous ones in eight constituencies. The candidate of Europe Ecology José Bové came second with 22.34%. Bordeaux is served by Bordeaux–Mérignac Airport, located 8 km (5.0 mi) from the city centre in the suburban city of Mérignac. Population Pyramids: France - 2019. Bordeaux is home to one of Europe's biggest 18th-century architectural urban areas, making it a sought-after destination for tourists and cinema production crews. Included among the latter are the area's five premier cru (first growth) red wines (four from Médoc and one, Château Haut-Brion, from Graves), established by the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855: Both red and white wines are made in the Bordeaux region. Its inhabitants are called "Bordelais" (for men) or "Bordelaises" (women). It is around 500 km (310 mi) southwest of Paris. In 2019 2020, the population of the city of Bordeaux, France is - 241 287 people. The city area is represented by the following constituencies: Gironde's 1st, Gironde's 2nd, Gironde's 3rd, Gironde's 4th, Gironde's 5th, Gironde's 6th, Gironde's 7th. [citation needed] The city has some of the biggest companies including Dassault, EADS Sogerma, Snecma, Thales, SNPE, and others. Europe Ecology candidate Bove: 15.83%, obtaining two seats. They engaged to construct the first bridge of Bordeaux, and customs warehouses. The term "Bordelais" may also refer to the city and its surrounding region. In the late 6th century the city re-emerged as the seat of a county and an archdiocese within the Merovingian kingdom of the Franks, but royal Frankish power was never strong. In 732, the city was plundered by the troops of Abd er Rahman who stormed the fortifications and overwhelmed the Aquitanian garrison. Bordeaux, Port of the moon, has been inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List as "an outstanding urban and architectural ensemble". [15] Many downtown buildings (about 5,000), including those on the quays, are from this period. In Autumn 845, the Vikings were raiding Bordeaux and Saintes, count Seguin II marched on them but was captured and executed. PS candidate Kader Arif: 17.79%, gaining two seats in the European Parliament. used data from the number of the population from official sources. MoDem candidate Robert Rochefort: 8.61%, winning a seat. J Psychosom Res. The planned Bordeaux tramway system is to link with the airport to the city centre towards the end of 2019.[48]. A regular train service is provided to Nantes, Nice, Marseille and Lyon. Firstly, during the 18th and 19th centuries, Bordeaux was an important slave port, which saw some 500 slave expeditions that cause the deportation of 150,000 Africans by Bordeaux shipowners. Ausonius and Sulpicius Severus were two of the teachers. In the 2017 parliamentary election, La République En Marche! In the first round, Alain Juppé was well ahead with 43.73% against 31.36% for Michèle Delaunay. The battle had a high death toll, and although Eudes was defeated he had enough troops to engage in the Battle of Poitiers and so retain his grip on Aquitaine. And in June 2007, with more than 1,810 hectares, it is the largest protected city in the world, with the inscription of the Port of the Moon by the World Heritage Committee, designated by the UNESCO General Assembly, on the World Heritage[10] List for its ensemble of cultural and natural properties of exceptional interest for the common heritage of humanity. Bordeaux. Frosts in the winter occur several times during a winter, but snowfall is very rare, occurring only once every three years. The 2000 United States Census lists 57,793 persons of Basque ancestry. In 1802, Napoleon revoked the manumission law but lost the war against the army of former slaves. Try our corporate solution for free! White Bordeaux is made from Sauvignon blanc, Sémillon, and Muscadelle. Численность населения Бордо. [citation needed]. Bordeaux is also one of the centers of gastronomy[6] and business tourism for the organization of international congresses. 7 Public Health England, London, UK. Bordeaux voted in the 2019 European Parliament election in France. In 276, it was sacked by the Vandals. In the second round, Noël Mamère was re-elected with 62.82% against 37.18% for his right-wing rival. mentioned Bordeaux as the best tourist destination in Europe in 2015. The development of this yeast often occurs during wine aging, especially during the summer. This project, carried by the French Ministry of Defence, involves an investment of 2 billion euros. Left Front candidate Jean-Luc Mélenchon: 8.16%, gaining the last seat. It is served by the French national (SNCF) railway's high speed train, the TGV, that gets to Paris in two hours, with connections to major European centers such as Lille, Brussels, Amsterdam, Cologne, Geneva and London. [31], Access to the port from the Atlantic is via the Gironde estuary. Bordeaux has five road bridges that cross the Garonne, the Pont de pierre built in the 1820s and three modern bridges built after 1960: the Pont Saint Jean, just south of the Pont de pierre (both located downtown), the Pont d'Aquitaine, a suspended bridge downstream from downtown, and the Pont François Mitterrand, located upstream of downtown. Historically the left bank is more developed because when flowing outside the bend, the water makes a furrow of the required depth to allow the passing of merchant ships, which used to offload on this side of the river. From the 12th to the 15th century, Bordeaux flourished once more following the marriage of Eléonore, Duchess of Aquitaine and the last of the House of Poitiers, to Henry II Plantagenêt, Count of Anjou and the grandson of Henry I of England, who succeeded to the English crown months after their wedding, bringing into being the vast Angevin Empire, which stretched from the Pyrenees to Ireland. Bordeaux voted for Emmanuel Macron in the presidential election. Only rhetoric and grammar were taught. 5 Université Bordeaux, ISPED, Centre INSERM U1219 - Bordeaux Population Health, Bordeaux, France. Allegory of Bordeaux and her wealth, including two African slaves, ceiling of the Grand-Théâtre de Bordeaux. The 18th century saw another golden age of Bordeaux. In 1793, during the French Revolution, the National Convention abolished the university, and replace them with the École centrale in 1796. However, after a rather exciting campaign it was Alain Juppé who was widely elected in the first round with 56.62%, far ahead of Alain Rousset who has managed to get 34.14%. Bordeaux is an international tourist destination for its architectural and cultural heritage with more than 350 historic monuments,[8] making it, after Paris, the city with the most listed or registered monuments in France. Population trends in different parts of the world are presented in special annual features. The 2015 Trophee Eric Bompard was in Bordeaux. 9. The larger metropolitan area has a population of 1,247,977 (2017). Bordeaux is famous worldwide for its wine and the historic part of the city has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site. Although the port of Bordeaux was a buzzing trade center, the stability and success of the city was threatened by Viking and Norman incursions and political instability. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne and Gascony.. From 1793 to 1795, the department's name was changed to Bec-d'Ambès to avoid the … Since 2006, France estimates the population by using census results of different years. Gironde is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. MECA, Maison de l’Économie Créative et de la Culture en Aquitaine. During World War II, Bordeaux fell under the German occupation. The new bridge has four tracks and allows trains to pass at 60 km/h (37 mph). Idaho- 6,637 3. The tram system uses Alstom APS a form of ground-level power supply technology developed by French company Alstom and designed to preserve the aesthetic environment by eliminating overhead cables in the historic city. Union Bordeaux Bègles is a rugby team in the Top 14 in the Ligue Nationale de Rugby. Skateboarding, rollerblading, and BMX biking are activities enjoyed by many young inhabitants of the city. Three years later, the Montagnard Convention abolished slavery. In 814, Seguin was made Duke of Vasconia, but was deposed in 816 for failing to suppress a Basque rebellion. Then came Monique De Marco, Green candidate with 13.40%, followed by the member of Pyrenees-Atlantiques and candidate of the MoDem Jean Lassalle who registered a low 6.78% while qualifying to the second round on the whole Aquitaine, closely followed by Jacques Colombier, candidate of the National Front, who gained 6.48%. It should be added that after the partial 2008 elections, the eighth district of Gironde switched to the left, bringing the count to nine. Video of my talk at the Fields Institute for Research in Mathematical Sciences Toronto Canada on March 31 2020 Bordeaux. In the second round, Alain Rousset had a tidal wave win as national totals rose to 55.83%. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects.These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Hannover, which typically includes … January 2020 71: 1-9; published ahead of print September 13, 2019 ; DOI: 10.5344/ajev.2019.19029 Alice Cibrario 1 Univ. Bordeaux is a major centre for business in France as it has the sixth largest metropolitan population in France. At regional elections in 2010, the Socialist incumbent president Alain Rousset won the first round by totaling 35.19% in Bordeaux, but this score was lower than the plan for Gironde and Aquitaine. Subsequently, a double-track steel railway bridge was constructed in the 1850s, by Gustave Eiffel, to bring trains across the river direct into Gare de Bordeaux Saint-Jean. Source: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques, France (web). [citation needed] The "Road of the lasers", a major project of regional planning, promotes regional investment in optical and laser related industries leading to the Bordeaux area having the most important concentration of optical and laser expertise in Europe. Bordeaux Urban Area Population Projections. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 13 min, while 15.5% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. Source: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques, France (web). 72.5% of the overall population falls between the ages of 15 and 64. The city also offers several festivals throughout the year. Bordeaux has an important public transport system called Transports Bordeaux Métropole (TBM). The region of Bordeaux was also the land of several prominent abolitionists, as Montesquieu, Laffon deLadébat and Elisée Reclus. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) In 107 BC, the Battle of Burdigala was fought by the Romans who were defending the Allobroges, a Gallic tribe allied to Rome, and the Tigurini led by Divico. The University of Bordeaux is divided into four: Bordeaux has numerous public and private schools offering undergraduate and postgraduate programs. After 73 years of right-of-centre rule, the ecologist Pierre Hurmic (EELV) came in ahead of Nicolas Florian (LR/LaREM).[37]. Population of Bordeaux was 235 178 inhabitants in 2007, 215 374 inhabitants in 1999, 210 336 inhabitants in 1990, 208 159 inhabitants in 1982, 223 131 inhabitants in … Some 20,000 people work for the aeronautic industry in Bordeaux. The mayor of the French city of Bordeaux called for residents to remain ... 30/03/2019 - 11:15. Bronze Statue of Modeste Testas, African slave deported by two Bordeaux traders and plantation owners. This company is run by the Keolis group. Oregon- 2,627 Summers are warm and long due to the influence from the Bay of Biscay (surface temperature reaches 21 to 22 °C (70 to 72 °F)). We show that in the Bordeaux region, the temperatures of some cellars rise significantly in July, August, and September. The two-track Eiffel bridge with a speed limit of 30 km/h (19 mph) became a bottleneck and a new bridge was built, opening in 2009. All five road bridges, including the two highway bridges, are open to cyclists and pedestrians as well. Cycle paths (separate from the roadways) exist on the highway bridges, along the riverfront, on the university campuses, and incidentally elsewhere in the city. Bordeaux lies close to the humid subtropical climate zone, its summers not quite warm enough for that classification. From 1941 to 1943, the Italian Royal Navy established BETASOM, a submarine base at Bordeaux. The built-up area has grown for more than a century beyond the municipal borders of Bordeaux due to urban sprawl, so that by January 2017 there were 1,247,977 people living in the overall 5,613 km2 (2,167 sq mi) metropolitan area (aire urbaine) of Bordeaux,[4] only a fifth of whom lived in the city proper. At the same time, in 1791, a slave revolt broke out at Saint-Domingue (current Haiti), the most profitable of the French colonies. 6 National Center of Epidemiology, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain. [12] It continued to flourish, especially during the Severan dynasty (3rd century), and acquired the status of capital of Roman Aquitaine. In Bordeaux, the Garonne River is accessible to ocean liners through the Gironde estuary. Population Bordeaux : 256 045 habitants (recensement de la population 2016 au 01/01/2019) Bordeaux Métropole (28 communes) : 796 273 habitants en 2016 (53% de femmes / 47% d'hommes, en 2015) Superficie Bordeaux : 49,36 km2 Bordeaux Métropole : 578,22 km2 Croissance démographique 5,3% de croissance entre 2011 et 2016, soit 1% par an. The link with aviation dates back to 1910, the year the first airplane flew over the city. Bordeaux was largely anti-Bonapartist and the majority supported the Bourbons. This was 0.38% of total France population. In January 2017, there were 254,436 inhabitants in the city proper (commune) of Bordeaux. One section is for Vert tricks, one for street style tricks, and one for little action sports athletes with easier features and softer materials. During the purge, the local Montagnard Section renamed the city of Bordeaux "Commune-Frankin" (Franklin-municipality) in homage to Benjamin Franklin. In the meantime, the global demand for first growths and the most famous labels markedly increased and their prices skyrocketed. Bordeaux adhered to the Fronde, being effectively annexed to the Kingdom of France only in 1653, when the army of Louis XIV entered the city. Bordeaux had its largest population of 267,409 in 1921. The École Compleméntaire Japonaise de Bordeaux (ボルドー日本語補習授業校 Borudō Nihongo Hoshū Jugyō Kō), a part-time Japanese supplementary school, is held in the Salle de L'Athenee Municipal in Bordeaux.[40]. Londinium, as it was known, rapidly turned into the capital of Romes Britannia territory, and by the second century AD, it was a flourishing trade area with a population of just about 60,000 individuals. French skaters Chafik Besseghier (68.36) in 10th place, Romain Ponsart (62.86) in 11th. In the 1938 FIFA World Cup, it hosted a violent quarter-final known as the Battle of Bordeaux. The region’s millionaire population grew 10.6% year-over-year to 6.3 million, and their combined wealth rose 11% to US$21.7 trillion, largely due to … In the heart of Bordeaux is Rue Sainte-Catherine. None of the other candidates reached the 10% mark. The city started to play a regional role as a major urban center on the fringes of the newly founded Frankish Duchy of Vasconia. A crossroads of knowledge through university research, it is home to one of the only two megajoule lasers in the world, as well as a university pole of nearly 100,000 students within the Bordeaux metropolis.[7]. During this period were built the amphitheatre and the monument Les Piliers de Tutelle. [16] Under the terms of the Treaty of Brétigny it became briefly the capital of an independent state under Edward, the Black Prince (1362–1372), but after the Battle of Castillon (1453) it was annexed by France. Many streets and squares along the tramway route became pedestrian areas, with limited access for cars. The city is home to 362 monuments historiques (only Paris has more in France) with some buildings dating back to Roman times. With an annual production of approximately 960 million bottles,[29] the Bordeaux area produces large quantities of everyday wine as well as some of the most expensive wines in the world. Answer: Bordeaux, France (Administrative unit: Aquitaine) - last known population is ≈ 241 300 (year 2012). Mae-Berenice-Meite (46.82) in 11th and Laurine Lecavelier (46.53) in 12th. 2020 Jan;128:109884. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2019.109884. The 2019 Mathematical Modeling in Population Dynamics workshop will be held on August 26-27 in Bordeaux. Red wines are generally made from a blend of grapes, and may be made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit verdot, Malbec, and, less commonly in recent years, Carménère. There are more than 400 taxicabs in Bordeaux. It serves as a major regional center for trade, administration, services and industry. Total number of cities: 288. The Short Program occurred hours before the bombing. Bordeaux, ISVV, Unité de recherche OEnologie EA 4577, USC 1366 INRA, Bordeaux INP, 33140 Villenave d’Ornon, France. The right bank of the Garonne is a low-lying, often marshy plain. Charlemagne built the fortress of Fronsac (Frontiacus, Franciacus) near Bordeaux on a hill across the border with the Basques (Wascones), where Basque commanders came and pledged their loyalty (769). During Antiquity, a first university had been created by the Roman in 286. [17] The Port of the Moon supplied the majority of Europe with coffee, cocoa, sugar, cotton and indigo, becoming France's busiest port and the second busiest port in the world after London. Bordeaux is classified "City of Art and History". In the second round, it was Chantal Bourragué who was re-elected with 54.45% against 45.55% for his socialist opponent. The Romans were defeated and their commander, the consul Lucius Cassius Longinus, was killed in battle.[11]. African face mascaron on the place de la Bourse. A world capital of wine[5] with its castles and vineyards of the Bordeaux region that stand on the hillsides of the Gironde and is home to the world's main wine fair, Vinexpo. In the second round, it was finally Michèle Delaunay who won the election with 50.93% of the votes against 49.07% for Alain Juppé, the margin being only 670 votes. Bordeaux's climate is classified as a temperate oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb), or in the Trewartha climate classification system as temperate oceanic or Do climate. Under the Carolingians, sometimes the Counts of Bordeaux held the title concomitantly with that of Duke of Vasconia. Because of a wine glut (wine lake) in the generic production, the price squeeze induced by an increasingly strong international competition, and vine pull schemes, the number of growers has recently dropped from 14,000 and the area under vine has also decreased significantly. The Mayor of the city is the environmentalist Pierre Hurmic. Talks on COVID-19 . Cazes, who was four at the start of the war and nine at its end, remembers that by 1942 he and his friends had switched from playing German soldiers in the playground to playing Allied soldiers, but most of the time they were fascinated by their new neighbours. Séminaire 6 décembre 2019 : Preventing cognitive decline and dementia: reflections from an epidemiological perspective Cet évènement du Département Santé publique, du BPH, Bordeaux Population Health – UMR 1219 et de l’ISPED – Institut de Santé Publique, d’Épidémiologie et de Développement est organisé dans le cadre des séminaires « Recherche et Pratique en Santé publique » . Confirmed list of participants: Aziz Alaoui, University of Le Havre, France; Oscar Angulo, Universidad de Valladolid, Spain ; Frederic Barraquand, University of Bordeaux, France If population growth rate would be same as in period 2007-2012 (+0.51%/year), Bordeaux population in 2020 would be: 251 393*. … The average seasonal winter temperature is 7.1 °C (44.8 °F), but recent winters have been warmer than this. Bordeaux is an important road and motorway junction. But, today, the right bank is developing, including new urban projects. Bordeaux is home to a beautiful quay which runs along the Garonne river.